While the city was being fortified the wealthy Volterran families set about embellishing their palaces in Florentine style.Michelozzo had designed the convent of San Girolomo in 1445 and Antonio the Elder the reconstruction of the Bishop’s Palace
(then a Granary) which may have influenced this choice.The fašade of several family homes and palaces and the ancient towers such as those of the Pilastri, Ricciarelli, Minucci and Gherardi were given a face lift .In 1530 in a last desperate attempt to reaquire autonomy Volterra rebelled against the Florentines war against the Medicis, allied with the latter but was again defeated and sacked by Ferrucci. When the Medici resumed power in Florence, Volterra lost its independence to the Duchy and then to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and began the descent to a slow decline until the 18th century.

The Medici's Fortress

The revival of the alabaster craft in the middle of the 16th century was exclusively artistic and the city did not undergo any major changes a part from the construction of the Palazzo Inghirami (fašade by Gherardo Silvani) and the reconstruction of the church of Giusto and Clemente.

Palazzo Viti

Christ in glory, by
Domenico Ghrlandaio, 1492